Dealing With The Problem Of Soil Erosion.
Soil erosion is the removal of soil from one place to another. Soil erodes naturally but is small amounts and this should not be a cause of panic as it is a normal natural occurrence. The process of eroding soil could go unnoticed when it is slow. Cause for alarm comes in when soil erosion makes a lot of damage.
Every time soil is formed, cut or exposed, there is usually a risk of soil erosion from the agents of soil erosion. When this is left unattended to, either naturally or artificially, the results could be tragic to that particular environment but when noticed and attended to, there would be little or no damage. Both human and natural activities can cause soil erosion.
Different activities by man leads to soil erosion. The two top most causes of soil erosion are water and wind. Soil erosion is enhanced by certain things. They are.;
The touch in terms of fineness of the soil. Small and light soils erode more easily than large and heavy soils.
Ground levelness has a great effect if soil will or will not be eroded. Sloppy lands are an enhancement of erosion.
Excessive use of soil makes it easy for it to be eroded.
The amount of rain n area receives will dictate the amount of erosion that will occur there.
Trees act as wind catchers meaning when planted they prevent excessive wind from passing over a certain area. When there is excessive deforestation, this makes it easy for the wind to displace soil.
Causes of soil erosion are experienced both on the displaced and deposited lands. Nutrients of the soil are taken away from the area that soil is suspended from. Deposited soil from erosion could cause both positive and negative effects.
Dealing with any problem requires understanding its causes. Below are some counter-erosion methods.;
One of the most common ways of dealing with soil erosion is increasing vegetative coverage. Moving crops from one area to another helps soils retain fertility and avoids being loose. Trees act as windbreakers when planted along other crops and open fields.
For water erosion, one of the main control measures that can be taken is the construction of gabions and other. Use of erosion mats and other products that will prevent the agents of erosion from having direct contact with the soil. Artificial grass makes holds soils together making it erosion resistant. The world has also come together to tackle global warming which is also a cause of soil erosion.